• The price of staple foods, including wheat, wheat flour, cooking oil, pulses and imported rice, increased this week compared to last week. The increase is associated with a recent drop in regional supply due to export restrictions imposed by countries in the region, including Kazakhstan.
• The price of imported wheat flour rose 1.5% during the second week of May. The price of wheat grain and wheat flour is expected to rise in the coming weeks and months due to a below average 2022 harvest season.
• The price of agricultural inputs remained stable this week, compared to last week, as Afghanistan approaches its national harvest season. However, prices still remain considerably higher (100.9%) compared to the same period last year (May 2021).
• The terms of trade (TOT) for casual labor and herders declined slightly by 2% and 1.3%, respectively, from last week. Farmers’ TOT remains significantly lower (24.5%) than it was this time last year (May 2021). This decline is attributed to the current economic crisis in Afghanistan and the subsequent availability of livelihood opportunities.