WFP has over 20 years of experience in collecting price data in Afghanistan. WFP launched its weekly market price monitoring and data collection in all 34 provinces in May 2020, and added 9 additional products to the analysis, including items related to livelihoods (fertilizer, improved seeds and feed), based on requests from Food Security and Agriculture. Cluster (FSAC) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Now, Market Price Bulletins are published weekly, every Wednesday, containing information on food access and availability and covering market trends from the previous week.
• Compared to last week (the second week of July), the average prices of all food products show no changes, negligible or slight.
• Compared to March 14 (pre-COVID-19 prices), almost all the prices of major food products have increased and both purchasing power indicators have shown a decrease, as follows:
• Average high and low priced wheat flour prices were 12% higher;
• The average price of wheat was 13% higher;
• Average prices for high and low quality rice were 7% and 19% higher, respectively;
• The average price of cooking oil was 33% higher;
• The average price of pulses was 30% higher;
• The average price of sugar was 22% higher;
• The purchasing power of casual laborers and pastoralists (terms of trade) deteriorated by 5% and 10% respectively, mainly due to higher wheat prices.