WFP has over 20 years of experience in collecting price data in Afghanistan. WFP launched its weekly market price monitoring and data collection in the 34 provinces in May 2020, and added 9 additional products to the analysis, including items related to livelihoods (fertilizer, improved seeds and feed), based on requests from Food Security and Agriculture. Cluster (FSAC) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Now, Market Price Bulletins are published weekly as well as monthly, containing information on food access and availability and covering market trends.
• Compared to last month (July 2020), the average prices of the main foodstuffs show a slight or negligible variation.
• Compared to March 14 (pre-COVID-19 prices), almost all major food prices and both purchasing power indicators show an increase, as follows:
• Average high and low priced wheat flour prices were 11% higher;
• The average price of wheat was 12% higher;
• Average rice prices (high and low quality) were respectively 7% and 18% higher;
• The average price of cooking oil was 31% higher;
• The average price of pulses was 27% higher;
• The average price of sugar was 21% higher;
• The purchasing power of casual laborers and pastoralists (terms of trade) deteriorated by 5% and 6% respectively, mainly due to higher wheat prices.